Technological Trends. These include advances in person-to-person communications; coding and retrieving information; simulation and calculation; electronic assembly and drafting and management information systems. When they occur or are forecast for an organization, they have several predictable effects:
• They focus on managing change and on managing technology.
• They spawn new varieties of knowledge work (scientific and computer specialists, consultants).
• They obsolete many existing technical skills.
• They remove responsibility from middle management. Continue reading