Technological Trends. These include advances in person-to-person communications; coding and retrieving information; simulation and calculation; electronic assembly and drafting and management information systems. When they occur or are forecast for an organization, they have several predictable effects:
•They focus on managing change and on managing technology.
•They spawn new varieties of knowledge work (scientific and computer specialists, consultants).
•They obsolete many existing technical skills.
•They remove responsibility from middle management. Continue reading